Megami Tensei Wiki

Makai (魔界, Makai)? or (魔階, Makai)?, is the name of a location in the series. The most commonly accepted translation of Makai is Demon World, and it is often referred as such. In the official translations of Shin Megami Tensei and Shin Megami Tensei IV, Makai is referred as the Expanse.

In the original Digital Devil Story novels, and in compendium entries in Shin Megami Tensei: Strange Journey, this plane is referred to as Atziluth (アティルト, Atiruto)?.



Makai or the Expanse is most often described as an alternate dimension/world, where demons, spirits and other types of supernatural entities reside in. As how demons are beings of pure energy, information and thought, the Expanse too is a plane of information whose existence is tied to the physical world. It's also generally said to be situated between the material and spiritual world.

Like the demons themselves, the Expanse has different incarnations across the Megami Tensei Multiverse despite sharing a name and a number of similarities.

Megami Tensei II[]

Makai is reached by taking the Seven Pillars of Solomon to Masakado in the Imperial Palace at Ground Zero, which is protected by Tiamat. The Makai is structured with a central isle which connects to specific areas, each ruled by a demon lord. One needs a magic jewel in order to reach most areas. Once the protagonist has defeated Beelzebub (or allowed him to fuse with Bael to create Baal) and obtained the Palace Ring, he can then reach Lucifer's Temple.

Shin Megami Tensei II[]

Known as the Abyss in Aeon Genesis' fan-translation, it is presented in this game as more of an alternate world linked to the physical world, though still cannot be reached by conventional means. It is where the majority of demons live in relative peace under the watchful zeal of the demon king Lucifer.

It isn't so much different from the human world as one would initially think. Instead of just chaotic anarchy, traces of rational civilization can be clearly identified, such as the presence of multiple stores offering various types of services, such as buying and selling weapons, armors, bars, casinos and even a disco where demons actually dance around and have entertainment.

Another trait Makai shares with Tokyo Millennium is the fact both of them are divided in numerous different spheres. They are as follows:


The most populous area of Makai. Seth's temple can also be found here, where the demon rests in a deep sleep, waiting for the right time to awaken. According to a resident of this district, "Tiphereth" is a word that means "beautiful."

The Beriah Corridor connects this town to both Geburah and Chesed, and the entrance to Tiphereth by the way of the Yetzirah Corridor is locked, and the two keys necessary to open it are in possession of the ruler of Netzach, Crowley (who holds the Lamed Key), and the other is in the hands of Tiamat, ruler of Hod (who holds the Ayin Key).


More or less the entrance to Makai. The plains of Yesod can only be reached through the "front door," which can only be opened after the gathering of the seven pillars in their respective altars in the Underworld.

The Yetzirah Corridor connects this town to Netzach, Hod, and Tiphereth, and is guarded by Hecate.


The land of Netzach is led by a human named Crowley, a wizard whose main desires revolve around the throwing of "Sabbaths," orgies with the goal of gathering sexual energy to summon demons when the moon is full. Although the residents of Netzach seem to acknowledge the magical power of Crowley, they also seem to be aware that he isn't much more than a simple sex maniac.


Not much about Hod is known, since no residents appear there to talk with Aleph and Hiroko when they visit the main town. It is quite small, possibly the smallest area of Makai, and is surrounded by various cliffs. The demon Tiamat is its governess.


A Buddhist temple where lost souls who are looking for salvation gather together. The demon Virocana (also known as "Dainichi-Nyorai") is in charge of this area, and is renowned for his ability to purify and grant peace to the spirits who reach Chesed, without any conditions or requirements limiting his judgement of mind.

This place features numerous cameos and references to the previous game. Ozawa and Gotou, for example, can both be found here as spirits; both of them being enemy bosses from the first Shin Megami Tensei. In addition to Ozawa and his minions, Beth is also found here.


A town that was transformed into a massive iron fortress bristling with weapons by the Twelve Devas, who have unexpectedly taken root there. All of them were assembled together by orders of Atavaka, Grand General of the Myō-Ōs, to block the entrance to the Atziluth corridor under Lucifer's orders, so that he and the Shinshou could test Aleph's power in battle.

The Atziluth corridor here connects this town to Binah and Chokmah.


The only known sea which crosses Makai. It is a vast body of water that is also called "the Sea of Harvest" by the residents of a nearby town, a reference to how the powers of this ocean can give life to demons when attended by an entity who can harness its fertility. In the past, this role was held by the goddess Ishtar, before she was punished by God and stripped of her form and sanity.

It is also in these waters the beautiful nymph Houri tends to bathe herself, and where the protagonist can acquire her magical robe. If her robe is returned after using it on the Cherub statues, then Houri, not knowing that it was stolen, will reward Aleph.


A tower that serves as the only accessible path to the Kether area. The Tower of Chokmah is governed by Mara, who acts as the guard for Lucifer's Castle.


The final area of Makai, it is here where Kether Castle is located, which is the home of Lucifer and his servants.

Shin Megami Tensei: if...[]

Makai appears divided in five distinct but connected worlds, each one based in a deadly sin:

World of Pride[]

Ruled by Fallen Vine. It is implied that this land is the place where the demons worship Hazama as the Deity Emperor, due to all inhabitants speaking of the majesty of Hazama.

World of Gluttony[]

Ruled by Vile Orcus. In this world, Hazama sent the president of school to be punished by being infected with the Parasite and turned into Orcus. Hazama did so because he resented how the president pursued "influence," "fame" and money, instead of working to be a good administrator.

World of Sloth[]

Ruled by Fallen Balam. In this world, all students and teachers that know Hazama, and did not do anything to help him are punished by being forced to dig in search of a ring until they die of exhaustion.

World of Greed[]

Ruled by Wilder Chefei. In this world are several boxes and treasure chests with powerful weapons, huge quantities of Macca and gems. Depending on how much boxes and chests Tamaki Uchida opens, the stronger Chefei will be at the end.

World of Envy[]

In this world, if Tamaki has a female partner, she will leave her to chase a beautiful boy around the maze. After being found, her partner returns to the party and the boy transforms into Lilith.

In Charlie's route this world is named Wrath instead of Envy, and Hazama teases him by kidnapping Ryuuichi, his girlfriend, and is ruled by Amdusias.

Shin Megami Tensei IV[]

The first game which refers to Makai as "The Expanse." Unlike previous games, the Expanse functions as more than just the home plane of demons; it is also the space between parallel universes, which allows certain entities with the necessary knowledge or power to move between them. The White is among the entities who possess both, and they reside in a specific realm under their control in the Expanse.

Lilith seeks to activate the Yamato Perpetual Reactor to open a gate linking the Expanse to Tokyo and allow an infestation of demons to rush in, though Tayama believes her interest in the Reactor is centered around its energy-creating properties.

The White's realm in the Expanse, Monochrome Forest, is a stretch of land completely devoid of color. Should the White be confronted, they will prowl around the Forest until destroyed. With them gone, the Forest is swept away by the Expanse proper and assumes the form of a featureless plane of red soil and overcast skies, with a sea frozen in time in the background. In the Neutral ending, the skies are cleared and the sea rushes in as the Goddess of Tokyo is revived.

Lucifer states the Expanse is formed from people's thoughts, and as such entities like himself, YHVH and the White will never truly disappear as long as humans exist.

Humans are able to travel between universes through the Expanse using the Reactor. In the final DLC mission, Stephen explains that the Expanse transcends time, and uses it to take Flynn to the past.

Shin Megami Tensei V[]

Makai is referred to as "Netherworld"; despite this translation, the world is generally referred to as Da'at by demons. It has overtaken the physical world due to the Conception which occurred 20 years prior to the beginning of the game.

Majin Tensei II: Spiral Nemesis[]

Instead of Makai or Atziluth, the world of demons is called "Paranoia." Many of its areas are covered in mountains, with water, deserts and forests also being found through the land. Certain areas like Cioule and Tebel are darker hued versions of human cities, and Cioule is one of the least dangerous areas of Paranoia concerning terrain. Only the poison lakes found around the Heal Spots are a naturally occurring danger.

Shin Megami Tensei: Devil Summoner[]

Makai is referred to as "Alien Dimension." Its presence can be summoned by a powerful Dark Summoner to distort an area.

Devil Children Red/Black Book[]


A map of Makai in Devil Children Red/Black Book

In Red Book and Black Book, Makai is divided into six different areas: Ice Land, Marble Land, Sand Land, Forest Land, Fire Land and Central Land, which are accessed by means of the "circle gates" in each area. There is a seventh area, the Deep Hole, which acts as a prison for demons who commit the worst crimes. Both angels and demons are tossed into it.

Devil Children White Book[]

Makai is transformed after Ragnarok, with the lands becoming the embodiment of elements. It is made of the Earth Makai, Wind Makai, Ice Makai, Center Makai and the Deep Hole.

DemiKids Light/Dark Version[]

The Ice, Wind, and Center Dem appear in both versions along with the Underworld Dem. Fire Dem and the Deep Hole appear in Dark Version, while Sand Dem and Future Dem appear in Light Version.

Devil Children Fire/Ice Book[]

Only the Deep Hole, Center Makai and Underworld Makai appear in Fire/Ice Book.

Devil Children Messiah Riser[]

After beating the Imperium's forces in Valhalla, Jin travels through Fire and Wind Makai, while Akira travels through Earth and Ice Makai. Eventually the two arrive in the Center Makai, where they face off against the angels behind the Imperium that had sacrificed all of demonkind to revive themselves.

Devil Survivor[]

Makai is referred to as the "Demon World," where demons reside as information beings. Due to a barrier existing, most demons are unable to come to Earth, and only when a barrier weakens is the ability to summon them possible. However, as the barrier weakens through constant summoning the two worlds begin to merge, allowing demons to flow freely to the Earth from their realm.

Naoya mentions on the Overlord's 8th Day in Overclocked that the more powerful a demon is, the less interest it will have in the Earth and humanity, and only the weaker ones tend to have an interest. As a result, only weaker demons go to Earth while the most powerful ones mind their own business.

The singer Aya, whose songs were used in the Demon Summoning Program, entered the demon world, but died due to humans being unable to exist there. Only a human like the protagonist can enter the realm after becoming a demon. The server for the demon summoning program exists there as part of Babel, who awaits for one worthy to challenge it on Earth.

Devil Survivor 2 Record Breaker[]

Makai as the Demon World is mentioned by the five Jack Frost Knights that become the Frost Five, having come to Earth in order to become strong enough to survive there.


  • More recently, the second kanji has changed to 階, which denotes more of a feeling about planes of ascendancy than a world. The pronunciation remains the same, but this kanji is most commonly used to denote floors of a building, and can be considered closer to English words like plane, level, and tier.
  • In Shin Megami Tensei II, the names of Makai sections are named after branches of the tree of life, known as Sephiroth, in Kabbalah. This is brought up in an interview, where the creators state that rather than Makai being designed after Kabbalah, it's humanity who instead created Kabbalah and the Sephiroth based on their own visions and understanding of Makai. [1]
  • Da'at is the only branch of the Kabbalah not represented by the Makai in Shin Megami Tensei II. (Residents generally refer to the human world as "Malkuth," the lowest branch). Seeing as Da'at unites all ten branches, the terminal network might be seen to represent it, as it permits travel to most parts of Makai and back to Earth.
  • According to the Shin Megami Tensei IV official artbook, the Goddess of Tokyo is the one who created the Expanse found in Shin Megami Tensei IV. In the same way demons are created from human thoughts, the Expanse broadens and changes shape based upon human imagination, and is beyond even the Goddess's power to influence depending on the feelings of humanity.



Kyūyaku Megami Tensei
Playable Protagonist - Partner - Friend - Orthrus - Atlas - Naga - Cerberus - Sword Knight - Baal - Lucifer - Ahura Mazda
Non-Playable Pazuzu - Hiroko - Mora - Mr. Suzuki - Bael - Masakado - Asmodeus - Izanagi - Belial - Izanami - Moloch - Belphegor - Mitra - Astaroth - Beelzebub - YHVH
Devil Busters Micon - Tower of Daedalus
Tokyo Keihin Shelter No. 3 - Haneda - Shinagawa - Ariake - Shiba - Tokyo Tower - Roppongi - Shibuya - Ginza - Ginza Underpass - Korakuen - Ikebukuro - Ueno - Shinjuku - Nakano - Intelligence Building - Adachi - Island of Dreams - Zaratan - Bael's Castle - Ground Zero - Suzuki Company Ltd.
Expanse Valley of Despair - Fields of Lunacy - Lands of Rage - Forest of Confusion - Mountain of Horror - Remote Island - Lucifer's Temple - Lucifer's Castle
Other River Styx - Hades - Garbage Mountain
Terminology Great Cataclysm - Order of Messiah - Deva Cult - Devil Busters - Demon Summoning Program (COMP / Magnetite) - Cathedral of Shadows (Fusion / Three-demon fusion) - Terminal - Rag's Jewelry - Code Breaker - Sabbath - Seven Pillars of Solomon
Archives Demons - Bosses - Items - Skills
Playable Characters Aleph/Hawk - Hiroko - Beth - Cerberus - Lucifer - Satan
Non-Playable Characters Okamoto - Gimmel - Zayin - Stephen - Haneda - Daleth - Red Bear - Madam - Hanada - The Center's Bishop - The Four Elders - Mekata - Puck - Hanoun - Mutant Elder - Hiruko - Taira no Masakado - Siren - Petersen - Michael - Raphael - Uriel - Gabriel - Fake YHVH - Seth - Virocana - Ozawa - Gotou - Gemori - Astaroth (Ishtar / Ashtar) - Kuzuryu - YHVH
Locations Tokyo Millennium - Underworld - Expanse - Eden - Diamond Realm - River Styx
Terminology Millennium Kingdom - Great Cataclysm - Order of Messiah - Ring of Gaea - Terminal - Sword fusion - Identification Program - Summon Doll - Seven Pillars of Solomon - Sabbath - Abaddon's Innards - Megiddo Arc
Content Demons - Bosses - Skills - Items
Main Naoki Takeuchi - Karen Rose - Aya Kikuchi - Kaoru Tachibana - Tomoharu Kikuchi - Masakiyo Ogiwara
Minor Bates - Dr. Takeuchi - Michael - Satan - Lucifer - Beelzebub - Raziel
Stage 1: 1996 AD Tokyo Shibuya - Meguro - Laboratory - Ikebukuro - Shinjuku - Chigaya - Nagatacho - Invaders Base
Stage 2: 2024 AD Slum-Tokyo Ueno - Asakusa - Korakuen - Shinjuku - Shinbashi - Subway Station - Ghost Station - Meguro - Laboratory
Stage 3: 1995 AD Tokyo Meguro - Roppongi - Shinjuku - Ikebukuro - Korakuen - Ginza - Harumi - Shibaura - Shinagawa - Base
Stage 4: 2052 AD Megalopolis Sidepolis-15 - Sidepolis-08 - Sidepolis-11 - Sidepolis-05 - North Junction - Corepolis - Supreme Council - Central Passage - Army CT-Room
Stage 5: Amnesia Sabhas - Root-Amnesia - Syekahim - Rakia - Mahong - Ahlabot - Shamim - Zebr - Eden
Stage 6: Paranoia Elleth - Root-Paranoia - Nesdia - Twia - Adhama - Tebel - Gee - Zebr - Cioule - Ahrqa
Terminology Affinity - REMIX - Rank - DIO - Spiral Nemesis - Magnetite - FASS - Helios - Rag's Shop - Axis
Lists Demons - Items - Skills
Playable Protagonist - Kyouji Kuzunoha - Rei Reiho
Non-Playable Redman - Kumiko Hatano - Charon - Mary Kisaragi - Dr. Victor - Hideo Momochi - "T-Shirt" Isono - Professor Azuma - Madame Ginko - Mitsuba Sanpei - Chen Jianmin - Colonel Cooper Smith - Mayor Fujiwara - Dr. Thrill - DB Busters

Takashi - Sid Davis - Atsushi Nakagome - Tenzan Tendou - Seichii Yamashiro - Inaruna
Asahi Azuma's House - Casa Inui - Hikawa Shrine
Seaside Park Hospital - Public Library - Museum
Mount Kasagi Mount Kasagi - Kitayama University - Chuang Kasagi
Yarai Amusement Park - Yaraiginza - Kuzunoha Detective Agency - Toa TV Station - Radio Tower - Chinatown
Hibari Hills Kumiko's House - Tenzan Tendou's Mansion
Chuo Police Station - New City Hall - Evil Forest - Inaruna's Tomb
Other Fake Astral Plane - Avīci Hell - Sewer - Alien Dimension - River Styx
Soundtracks Sound File - Special Box Premium Music CD
Terminology Personality - Loyalty - Mystic Change - Alien Dimension - Dolly Kadmon
Lists Demons - Bosses - Skills - Items
Overclocked - Manga
Playable Characters Protagonist - Atsuro Kihara - Yuzu Tanikawa - Naoya - Amane Kuzuryu - Keisuke Takagi - Midori Komaki - Mari Mochizuki - Kaido - Black Frost - Gin - Misaki Izuna
Non-Playable Characters Haru - Shomonkai Founder - Gigolo - Yasuyuki Honda - Shoji - Azuma - Commander Fushimi - Beldr - Belial - Jezebel - Belzaboul - Belberith - Metatron - Okuninushi
Locations Shibuya - Aoyama - Roppongi - Ikebukuro - Akasaka Tunnel - Omotesando - Shinjuku - Akihabara - Nagata-Cho - Shiba Park - Ueno - Kudanshita - Asakusa - Kanda
Music Devil Survivor OST Remix - Reset - Soul Survive
Terminology Extra Turn Battle - COMPs - Shomonkai - Tokyo Lockdown - Demon Summoning Program - Laplace Mail - Death Clock - King of Bel - Devil Auction - Dance Skills - Skill Crack - Racial Skill - Auto Skill - Demon World - Four Devas
Archives Demons (DeSu - DSO) - Skills (DeSu - DSO) - Status Ailments - Titles - Endings